Blood lactate levels reflect the balance between production and use of lactate by the body. Diferentes studies have determined that the prognostic implications of lactate measurements can be applied to animal patients. Measuring lactate is a useful tool for prognosis and to monitor the response to treatment in animals.
Blood lactate concentration reflects the level of cellular anaerobic metabolism that occurs in the body and is most commonly used as an indicator of tissue hypoperfusion.
Lactate levels increase before changes are observed in heart rate, blood pressure and urine output, which make it a more sensitive indicator of hypoperfusion.
Savigny et al. indicate that the assessment of lactate is increasingly common in the veterinary field, and the usefulness of the diagnosis, monitoring and prognostic information is increasingly appreciated.
More information available at Laktate